There are several marine species found in ocean. The geographical diversity of oceans ranging from freezing Polar Regions to warm waters of tropic makes oceans the largest habitat for animals. According to International Union Conservation of Nature there are 368 marine species which are already endangered or vulnerable to become endangered.



Vaquita is an endangered species and the world’s smallest porpoise. It grows to a length of about 5 ft in length and is found in the shallow waters off the coast of Mexico in the Northern part of Gulf of California. Though they have a typical shape of a porpoise, they can be distinguished by dark rings round the eyes, patches on lips and a line from their dorsal fins to their mouths. One of the most endangered marine animals they are now a population of less than 600. Check this magical Feather Starfish.



Hawain Monk Seals are found in the North-West Hawain Islands. They have a grey coat, white belly and do not have external ears neither can they rotate their hind flippers under their body. They are skilful divers and can stay for about 10 minutes in 200 ft too. Only about 1100 number seals exist and are hunted primarily for meat, oil and skin. This species of seal, feed on the commercially sought fish, hence this is another major reason for hunting them down.



Hammerhead Sharks are found in the warm tropical regions and are light gray in colour with a greenish tinge. The lateral projections of their heads give it a hammer like shape and they usually swim in large and small schools. Explore more about baby great white shark.

Hammerhead Sharks has been added to the list of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora in 2013 due to the ruthless style of hunting of this species. These sharks are caught and dragged to the boat by fishermen, their fins cut and the bleeding shark is thrown back into the sea to die.



Hawksbill turtle has a narrow head and hawk like beak and is one of the smaller sea turtles. The average size of an adult is 2.5 to 3 ft in carapace length and usually found in around coastal reefs, rocky areas, estuaries and lagoons in tropical and sub-tropical waters. They are mercilessly killed to make hair ornaments, jewelry and decorative items.

Check: Azula for more such ocean related articles


Mimic Octopus lives in murky and muddy sea floors in the shallow warm waters of coasts o Indonesia, Malaysia and have also been spotted near The Great Barrier Reef. They can change the colour of the skin and texture to blend with their surroundings. It grows to a length of about 2 ft but arms spreads to about 25ft long.



Pacific Torepedo Ray is found in the rocky reefs at a shallow depth of 200m. The average length of Pacific Torpedo Ray is about 140 cm with a wide body disc. It is an Electroreceptive fish and lays quietly on the sea floor for its prey. The moment a fish is near; it jumps forward and catches the fish with its powerful electric organs.


Optimum protection

From time immemorial we have endeavoured to protect ourselves, whilst in medieval times we wore steel body armor when we went to battle, in modern times we use bullet proof vests.


Today’s corporate world is one big battleground and the competition out there is cutthroat no less hence protecting our interests are paramount, which has become more so important with the Internet which is one big cauldron of concoctions that if we do not keep our interests secured we would be stirred up and be the catalyst of everyone else inside.

Internet vulnerability

Once you are connected to the Internet your security is at stake and the need to protect your interests become that much more important hence putting in place an elaborate security umbrella becomes inevitable if you do not want prying eyes breaching your privacy.

Installing the appropriate security hardware and software to protect your interests has now become a nightmare for many corporate companies.

External surveillance

There is constant external surveillance from a variety of unscrupulous sources hence being aware of it and taking appropriate action to protect yourself is an important aspect, if you do not want your competitors to be party to your business plans before you could execute them.

Corporate espionage is on the rise with everyone connected to the Internet vulnerable making professional hackers a breed very much in demand by unscrupulous business competitors who want to know who is doing what.

Online threats

Information that you may provide online can be pilfered which includes even your password, hence constantly changing your password and having one that would be based on something more different than the old modus operandi of birthdays and anniversaries could help.

Purchasing goods and services online using credit cards can also make us vulnerable and others could fraudulently use your credit card details to purchase goods which you would not have.

The Social media that you use is one medium where Cyber security could be at it’s worst because these sites are vulnerable to prying eyes and once someone targets you there is nothing much you could do about it.


Online security

Your Social media sites, the email, banking operations and purchasing habits have to be secured if you are to protect your interests.

Whilst using your credit card doing so only with extreme caution is necessary, sites which begin with “https” gives you the clue that those sites are secured.

The last letter “s” shows you that your transaction is encrypted and the possibility of being looked from outside is screened or near impossible.

Online encryption

The use of code to transmit messages is a time honored practice and most sites today use software to continue the same practice especially where online purchasing, banking and the email are concerned, because very sensitive information is being exchanged today through these very popular mediums.

The software in encryption technology is developing at pace because of the urgent need in this sphere due to the vulnerability of many large organizations being insecure with the present security apparatus available.


What are infographics?

Information as we know are facts told, heard or discovered about something and graphics are the use of visual illustrations to explain ideas better.



The digital platform uses these two combined together very effectively when the need to explain an idea visually and clearly on your computer or big screen to an audience is envisaged and to be understood better by them which is referred to as, infographics.

The effective use of infographics

Infographics are used extensively especially when there is a need to explain ideas by the podium speaker, teacher or anyone in a similar situation, to an audience big or small.

The use of easily understandable illustrative graphics has a stronger tendency to register in the audience’s memory than explaining something without.

The more illustrative the infographics are, easier they are to be understood by the audience.

Impact of infographics

When an idea, fact or program is explained to an audience with the use of infographics it is envisaged that around 90% of those present would assimilate the information provided depending on the type of illustrations provided.

Bright colorful infographics are sure to register in the minds on the audience rather than the same thing being told by delivering a boring speech or lecture.

Students who are taught a lesson with the use of infographics fare better than their counterparts taught the same lesson without it.

Infographics simplifies

The use of infographics simplifies any idea that you would want to put forward to an audience that is by showing in one illustration what you would take many words to achieve.

Only about 20% of what you read register in your mind compared to about 80% of what you would see in infographics or illustrations.

Information distributed using infographics to an audience with a lesser capacity to assimilate information would be better digested if it is provided with information they want to learn but do not have the capacity to understand.


Explanation through infographics

Detailed explanations using infographics would be better assimilated by an audience especially when an impact has to be created on any social issue that would be relevant and interesting to the audience.

The use of infographics is today are common medium when subjects alien to the audience have to be brought forward in a very simplified platform.

The use of infographics by non-profits 

Non-profits need to update information about their work in progress to the community that they serve for the simple reason that only then would the community engage and reciprocate positively.

The use of infographics to do so would educate the audience the non-profit serves, to know better of what is being done in and to their community.

Non-profits could also provide data, statistics and other relevant information through infographics which would otherwise be difficult to understand by the audience they serve. MEET DIPANWITA DAS Technology and communications strategist for nonprofits and social impact.

Inforgraphics are helpful

There is no doubt that the use of infographics by non-profits has made an indelible impact on how their audiences react to the information fed to them, positively of course.